Because of the increase in the Nembutal overdose or abuse and physical dependence, the federal government had to put forth restrictions against the use of barbiturates in 1970 and had to replace most of the uses of barbiturates by a new class of drugs called Benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepines have less severe side effects and are not as likely to result in accidental overdose as barbiturates. Examples of benzodiazepines include Valium and Ativan.
The 2015 estimate by Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) was proven that, 452,000 people in United State used barbiturate drugs among which about 46,000 people must have misuse or taken Nembutal overdose . Abusing a drug is not the same thing as misusing of a drug. The type of drug abuse that occurs in individuals with substance use disorders represents a chronic and longstanding misuse of a drug that leads to significant distress and/or impairment in the person’s ability to function normally. Simple misuse is when an individual abuse the drug in a very short term and inconsistent with its intended purposes.
SAMHSA reports also says barbiturate are used in hospitals and clinics and are mostly prescribed to elderly people and woman .
Barbiturates (mainly phenobarbital) are occasionally used by doctors to treat the following conditions: seizure disorder (epilepsy) , increased pressure in the skull, severe trauma to the skull, some types of convulsions Barbiturates can also be used as a form of anesthetic,migraines, alcohol and benzodiazepine poisoning and withdrawal, jaundice, trauma
Abuse of barbiturates most often occurs in individuals who do not have a prescription for the drug, but get it illegally. Younger people, such as adolescents, demonstrated a minor trend of increasing barbiturate abuse previously, but this trend has leveled off. Adolescents most likely get barbiturate drugs like Nembutal from their parents, a friend with a prescription, or an elderly relative with a prescription (most often by stealing it).
Barbiturates are not normally the primary drug of abuse for individuals who abuse these substances. Instead, barbiturates and even benzodiazepines are more commonly abused in conjunction with other drugs. The most common drug that is abused with barbiturates is alcohol, although it is not uncommon for abusers to mix barbiturates with other barbiturates, benzodiazepines, narcotic pain medications, or nonprescription drugs including cannabis products. Because these drugs are often abused in conjunction with other drugs, the potential to develop very complicated issues with substance use disorders is increased.